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Equine Services

Water-cooled equine power floating with Dr. Green

Equine Services

Offering:

Preventive Care Programs (includes vaccinations, Coggins testing, physical and dental exams, blood testing) In house Lab Testing and Mobile Diagnostics Available.


Advanced Equine Dentistry; power and hand* Water-cooled power float


Reproductive Services (Ultrasound Available)


Pre-Purchase Exams (Refer to "Clinic Forms" for form)


Field Surgery (including castrations, laceration repairs, mass removals)


Lameness Exams (Ultrasound available)


On-Farm Medical Management


Nutritional Counseling


Parasite Resistance Monitoring


Portable, digital radiography (Xray)


Ultrasonography (ultrasound) - soft tissue masses, tendon/ligament injuries, ovulation and timed breeding, pregnancy


Laser Light Therapy


Sport Horse Medicine -   


Our team is accustomed to working with horses from a variety of disciplines. We understand that these horses are incredible athletes and our goal is to help you keep them performing in their desired disciplines for as long as possible. We provide extensive lameness services and offer a wide range of diagnostics such as digital ultrasound, digital radiography and laser therapy.

We also offer plasma rich protein (PRP) therapy. Our veterinarians are certified to issue Coggins reports and Health Papers. We offer routine blood testing to screen for internal disease as well as allergy testing, we can also help diagnose and manage a variety of metabolic diseases. Our wellness program and vaccination programs will help keep your horses protected while they travel, and routine examination will allow us to catch problems early allowing prompt treatment and return to work.

Other Information

Traveling with your horse

Every horse crossing the Canada-USA border must have a current Coggins and CFIA endorsed Health Certificate. These documents can take time to process so it is essential that you call your us early and plan ahead.

The first step involves a blood sample drawn and a submission form signed by an accredited veterinarian. The sample is sent by courier to the laboratory in Delta, BC. A copy of the results will be sent back to our office 24-48 hours later. The original Coggins Certificate is sent by regular post and can take at least a week to return (may be longer depending on weekends and holidays). It is important to note that not all veterinarians are accredited to draw the blood sample and sign the Coggins Certificate. Dr. Green is accredited to perform this test. Coggins Certificates are valid for 6 months from the date the blood was drawn.

After the Coggins results have been reviewed by Dr. Green and a health exam performed on your horse, a Health Certificate can be issued. The Health Certificate is valid for 30 days from the date of examination. The Health Certificate must be endorsed by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) veterinarian before being presented at the border crossing. The Health Certificate along with a copy of the Coggins Certificate is then taken by Dr. Green to the CFIA Office (if the veterinarian is not available, sent by courier to Vernon) for approval. We strive to expedite this process but laboratory time turnaround and CFIA availability are not within our control. 

What is normal?

Resting Heart Rate Adult: 28-44 beats per minute

Heart Rate Foal: up to 70-80 beats per minute

Resting Temperature Adult: 37.5-38.5 C or 99.5 - 101.4 F

Temperature Foal: 37.5-38.5 C / 99.5-101.4 F

Resting Respiration Rate Adult: 8-16 breaths per minute

Respiration Rate Foal: up to 24 breaths per minute

Volume of Water Consumed Daily: 3-7 Litres/100kg body weight; rough minimum is 15 L per day for the average sized sedentary horse

Roughage Consumption: minimum 1% of body weight (average horse 7-8 kg/10-12 lbs good quality hay per day)

Urination: Free stream. Odour, colour (light to dark yellow) and consistency (clear to fairly cloudy) will depend on hydration status. Urine on snow will turn dark orange/red. This is a normal chemical reaction; not blood.

Behaviour: Sleeping sternally or flat out on the side. Horses sometimes vocalize and move while reaming. Resting hind legs alternately. Pawing and "leg wringing" while eating. Foals will make mouthing motions as a submissive gesture.

What is an Emergency?

Cardiovascular

Weakness and collapseFoamy blood from the nostrils with respiratory distress. Unrelenting rapid and laboured ventilation. Sudden distension and visible pulsing of jugular veins. Severe unrelenting coughing. Unusual respiratory noise, especially if the horse is having trouble breathing. Extreme swelling of the head or throat latch area.


Face and Head

Teeth at odd angle and blood in the mouth could indicate a jaw fracture; even though the horse may be eating and drinking normally. Sudden head tilt; blood coming from the ear. Large bleeding laceration. Any cloudy, painful, swollen, runny or ulcerated eye.


Gastrointestinal
Drooling, retching, looking at, or kicking at flanks, rolling and thrashing, stretching and posturing as if to urinate. No appetite; if typically a good eater. No manure production in the last 24 hours. Severe bloat. Profuse watery diarrhea. Accidental grain over consumption. Known toxin consumption.


Musculosketetal Trauma


Clinical signs of any of the below symptoms may indicate that this is a Musculoskeletal - Trauma emergency:


Sudden severe lameness.

Nail in the foot (DON'T PULL IT OUT!)

Deeply penetrating foreign bodies (DON'T PULL THEM OUT EITHER!)

ANY wound over a joint or tendon sheath. Severe stiffness during or after exercise. Any swelling, heat or pain in the joint, after joint injection. Wound with spurting arterial blood. Laminitis


Neurological


Clinical signs of any of the below symptoms may indicate that this is a neurological emergency:
Marked change in demeanor, especially somnolence, violent aggressiveness or severe anxiety. Seizure Generalized muscle tremors; especially if with a fever and depression. Rigid posture with protruding third eyelid. Lack of urination over last 24 hours. Sudden hind end weakness.


Other


Dark red, black or obviously bloody urine. Posturing and straining with no urine production.

Reproduction and Foals


Health status in the late-term fetus and foal is dynamic and complex. Situations can deteriorate very quickly, so if you are ever in doubt about a broodmare, foaling, foal situation; call your veterinarian immediately.
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Emergencies


Client emergency line: (250)640-3784

While we hope that your horse never is in need of emergency care, we offer after hours emergency coverage for our regular clients.

Our experienced office staff will assist you during business hours (10 a.m.–5 p.m., Monday-Friday and Saturday 9 a.m.-noon). Our answering service is available at night and on weekends, and will contact Dr. Green in case of emergency or to take messages.

An accurate, detailed description of any injury, abnormal behavior, or lameness is extremely helpful.

Your Horse's Vital Signs
To facilitate care, we also urge our clients to be comfortable with taking some of their horse’s vital signs, such as temperature, pulse/heart rate and respiration.

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Class 4 Laser Light Therapy

Measurable positive results can be seen consistently in the following conditions:-Arthritis/DJD (Hip dysplasia) -Muscle, ligament, and tendon injuries (Sprains, strains, and tears) -Ulcerations and open wounds (Lick granulomas, Hot Spots, Abscesses) -Acute and Chronic Ear Problems -Post Surgical pain/healing/rehab -Trauma/Fractures -Neck and Back Pain (Acute and chronic) -Neuromuscular disease/damage/degeneration -Even some respirator, urinary, and GI conditions.

Equine Vaccination

Recommendations

Vaccinations minimize the risk of infectious disease, but cannot prevent disease in all circumstances. Equine vaccinations can be divided into two groups: Core Vaccinations, which all horses should receive, and Risk-Based Vaccinations, which depend on a horse’s use, living conditions, age and other risks of exposure to diseases.


Core Vaccinations


The American Veterinary Medical Association defines core vaccinations as those ”that protect from diseases that are endemic to a region, those with potential public health significance, required by law, virulent/highly infectious, and/or those posing a risk of severe disease. Core vaccines have clearly demonstrated efficacy and safety.” These vaccines protect against diseases that have a high mortality (death) rate if a horse becomes infected. They are all diseases that are acquired from the environment.


Tetanus


All horses are at risk of tetanus, a usually fatal disease. The causative organism, Clostridium tetani, is present in the feces of horses and other animals, including humans. It is ubiquitous and abundant in the soil, and will survive there for many years, resulting in an ever-present risk of exposure. While not a contagious disease, tetanus is acquired via infection of a wound, especially a puncture wound, or through other exposed tissue.


Eastern/Western Encephalomyelitis


These diseases cause inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. If acquired, Eastern Encephalomyelitis (EEE) is 90% fatal, Western Encephalomyelitis (WEE) is about 50% fatal. Transmission of these diseases is by mosquitoes from infected birds and rodents. Humans are also susceptible to these diseases. EEE is primarily seen in the eastern and southeastern United States. While WEE is seen primarily in the western and mid-western US, WEE variants have sporadically caused outbreaks in the northeastern and southeastern states.


Rabies


While the incidence of rabies in horses is low, the disease is always fatal, and has considerable public health significance. Equine exposure usually occurs from the bite of a rabid animal (primarily wildlife), usually on the muzzle (since horses are very curious) or legs. The virus travels via nerves to the brain, where it causes inflammation and death. The incubation period in horses can be quite long, and symptoms near the end can mimic colic. Transmission to humans can occur via saliva of infected animals contacting open wounds.


West Nile Virus


West Nile Virus (WNV) first entered the US in New Jersey in 1999. It rapidly spread up and down the east coast, and then nationally with surprising speed. WNV is the leading cause of arbovirus encephalitis in horses and humans in the US. The virus is transmitted from an avian reservoir to horses, humans and several other species of mammals. The virus is not transmitted directly from horses to humans, or humans to horses. The fatality rate for infected horses is approximately 33%, with 40 % of surviving horses showing residual effects.


Risk-Based Vaccinations


Equine Influenza


Influenza is one of the most common respiratory diseases of horses. It is a highly contagious viral disease and spreads rapidly thru groups of horses via aerosolized droplets dispersed by coughing. The disease occurs sporadically, introduced by an infected horse, so quarantining all new additions for 14 days is a major factor in preventing influenza. The severity of clinical signs depends on the horse’s degree of immunity. All horses should be vaccinated against influenza unless they live in a closed and isolated facility, with no equine-related visitors.


Equine Herpes Virus (EHV-1, EHV-4)
(Rhinopneumonitis)


Both EHV-1 & EHV-4 are infectious diseases of the respiratory tract, causing disease that can range form sub-clinical to severe. It is especially common when young horses from different places are commingled. EHV-1 also causes abortion in late pregnancy mares, and paralytic neurologic disease. It is spread by nasal secretions, either directly or carried on people and equipment, and by aborted fetuses and fluids in the case of EHV-1. Vaccination can protect against the respiratory and abortion forms, but not the neurologic form.

A genetic variant of EHV-4 has recently been seen. This form can cause severe neurologic disease and frequent deaths. Vaccination against the respiratory form is recommended for young horses, and for horses showing, or living with horses that travel and compete.


Lyme Disease


While there is no “approved” Lyme vaccine for horses, anecdotal evidence suggests that the dog vaccine, while “extra-label”, is very effective in horses. We will therefore be offering this vaccine to our equine patients. The recommendation for initial vaccination is one dose on day one, one dose 3 weeks later and a third dose at 3 months. Vaccination is then recommended every 6 months. We will be offering reduced-cost Lyme vaccination clinic days starting in February; contact us for details.


Potomac Horse Fever


Recently re-named Equine Monocytic Erlichiosis, this is a sporadic disease seen primarily in the late spring to early fall. It has been associated with high populations of Mayflies. Signs may be mild to severe, and include fever, lethargy, laminitis and diarrhea. Vaccination is only recommended for those horses traveling to areas of high incidence. The vaccine has become less protective against the current strain.


Strangles


Strangles is a highly contagious respiratory disease characterized by moderate to high fever, swollen lymph nodes, and copious, thick nasal discharge. It is transmitted by direct contact with an infected horse, contact with contaminated feeding or watering equipment, grooming tools, tack or people. It can survive in the environment for a variable period of time. Vaccination is recommended for horses living where strangles is a persistent problem, or for horses at high risk of exposure.